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This Week in New Brunswick History

This Week in New Brunswick History ! February 16, 1813
The first company of New Brunswick's 104th Regiment of Foot leaves Fredericton for Kingston (Ontario). In total, nearly 600 men march 1,100 km on snowshoes, through deep snow and severe cold, in 52 days -one of the longest marches in Canadian history.

February 16, 1882
In Fredericton, the first session of the Legislature to be held in the newly completed Legislative Assembly building, is opened by Lieutenant-Governor R. D. Wilmot. The older “Province Hall” had been destroyed by fire two years previous.

February 17, 1830
The “Royal Gazette” reports that due to the failure of the wheat crop over the past two years, the settlements of Madawaska are now facing starvation. The Honourable Thomas Baillie has been instructed to make arrangements for temporary relief.

February 17, 1839
The first group of New Brunswick militia are called-up for defence in the Aroostook War with Maine.

February 18, 1759
New England Rangers destroy the Acadian settlement of Pointe Sainte-Anne, burning 147 buildings and killing all the livestock. Several settlers are taken prisoner and some are cruelly scalped for bounty.

February 18, 1800
The Supreme Court of New Brunswick announces a split decision on the legality of slavery. A black woman, Nancy Morton, had challenged her enslavement to Caleb Jones, a York County Loyalist.

February 19, 1864
Professor and historian, William Francis Ganong is born in Saint John. Educated at Harvard, Ganong later develops a specialized interest in the geographical history of New Brunswick, documenting the historic sites and original placenames of the province.

February 20, 1845
The House of Assembly passes a motion of non-confidence in Lieutenant-Governor Sir William Colebrooke, and his Executive Council, after Colebrooke appoints his son-in-law, Alfred Reade, to the post of provincial secretary.

February 20, 1863
Twenty-two-year-old Timothy Hegarty, of Miramichi, is promoted to Sergeant of the 6th Battery, Maine Light Artillery, in the American Civil War.

February 20, 1873
Historian, Prudent Mercure is born in Saint-Basile. A dedicated researcher, Mercure devotes most of his life to preserving the history of Madawaska.

February 20, 1954
Radio Station CBAF in Moncton begins broadcasting, providing a French-language service to the Maritimes.

February 21, 1801
The Shire Town for Westmorland County is changed from Westmorland to Dorchester.

February 21, 1828
Eighteen-year-old Patrick Burgan, of York Point (Saint John), is hanged in Saint John for the theft of 25 cents.

February 22, 1785
Governor Thomas Carleton orders the survey of a town at St. Anne’s Point, to be called “Frederick’s Town” (Fredericton), after His Royal Highness the Bishop of Osnabourg.

February 22, 1895
A Woman's Suffrage Bill, introduced and championed by Henry R. Emmerson, Member of the Legislative Assembly for Albert County, is narrowly defeated in the House of Assembly by a vote of 18 to 17.

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