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This Week in New Brunswick History

This Week in New Brunswick History ! July 3, 1837
In Bathurst, Richard McFarlane patents a Fishway for diverting fish around a milldam. Constructed with a series of step-like ponds connected by underwater passages, fish are able to swim through the passages to travel safely over the dam.

July 3, 1870
Richard Bedford ("R.B.") Bennett is born in Hopewell Hill. After practicing law at Chatham, Bennett moves to Calgary (Alberta) in 1897, and later becomes Prime Minister of Canada during the difficult Depression years of 1930 to 1935.

July 3, 1872
Hiram A. Cody, clergyman, poet and novelist, is born in Cody’s. Archdeacon Cody becomes a prolific writer of popular adventure novels, topping Canada’s Best Seller lists throughout the 1920’s and 1930’s.

July 3, 1911
Lightening strikes Christ Church Cathedral in Fredericton, destroying the spire and causing extensive damage. Taking over a year and $100,000 to rebuild, the restored building is rededicated on August 12, 1912.

July 4, 1632
Charles de Menou d’Aulnay, a lieutenant in the King’s navy, arrives in Acadia. De Menou later expands colonial activities in the region from trading in pelts, to include felling trees, seal-fishing, and agriculture.

July 4, 1755
A delegation of Acadians from Minas and Pisiquit meet with Governor Charles Lawrence and his Council in Halifax, offering to take an unqualified oath of allegiance to the King, but are refused.

July 4, 1776
The “Thirteen United States of America” issue their Declaration of Independence from Great Britain, and the American Revolution begins in earnest.

July 4, 1827
During a patriotic celebration of Independence Day, John Baker raises the American flag at Merumticook (Baker Brook), in the disputed area of the Madawaska. Baker, an American citizen, is later arrested by posse and tried for conspiracy and sedition.

July 4, 1852
The "Marco Polo" sets sail from Liverpool (England), reaching Melbourne (Australia) in a record 76 days. Upon returning to Liverpool in another 76 days, the pride of New Brunswick earns the title of "Fastest Ship in the World".

July 4, 1901
Official opening of the bridge in Hartland, spanning the river St. John. Originally built as a private toll crossing, it is rebuilt and covered in 1920-1921, becoming “The World’s Longest Covered Bridge”.

July 5, 1700
Governor Joseph Robineau de Villebon dies at Fort Saint-Jean (Saint John).

July 5, 1854
An epidemic of Asiatic cholera breaks out in Saint John, killing an estimated 1,000 people by summer’s end. The city’s Board of Health orders all taverns to not sell alcohol; daily death tolls are posted; and all homes in Portland are fumigated.

July 5, 1872
The Honourable George Edwin King, of Saint John, becomes Premier of New Brunswick.

July 7, 1534
Jacques Cartier sails into a large bay and opening which he later names "Baye de Chaleur" (Chaleur Bay). He encounters Mi'kmaq in canoes and, 3 days later, trades iron utensils for fur - marking the first recorded exchange with Europeans.

July 7, 1670
Governor Hector d'Andigné de Grandfontaine takes possession of Acadia from Thomas Temple in Boston, as agreed by the Treaty of Bréda, and establishes the capital of Acadia at Pentagouet (Castine, Maine) as a defense against English encroachment.

July 7, 1830
The Saint John County Militia, under Lieutenant-Colonel Simonds, announces the formation of a separate African Company of the First Battalion comprised of "all the people of Color".

July 7, 1911
Singer, Charlie Chamberlain is born in Bathurst. Joining Don Messer's band "The New Brunswick Lumberjacks" in the 1930's, Chamberlain later becomes a feature on CBC television's "Don Messer's Jubilee".

July 7, 1985
His Excellency Monsignor André-Marie Cimichella, O.S.M., auxiliary Bishop of Montreal, presides over the official opening of the Popes' Museum in Grande-Anse.

July 8, 1760
The Battle of the Restigouche, the last naval battle in North America, is fought between British and French forces for possession of Canada. The French flagship " Machault " is sunk in the Restigouche River, along with two other French ships.

July 8, 1761
Mi’kmaq of Chignecto agree to the 1760 Treaty of Peace and Friendship, as a renewal of the agreements of 1725 and 1749 – re-affirming Mi’kmaq hunting and fishing rights.

July 8, 1783
The “July Fleet” of Loyalist evacuations depart New York for the river St. John, arriving in St. John harbour on July 29.

July 8, 1867
" Le Moniteur Acadien ", the first French-language newspaper in the Maritimes, is published in Shediac. The weekly is published by Israël Landry, who remains editor for only one year.

July 9, 1784
Colonel Thomas Carleton is received at the Court of St. James and, by kissing the hand of King George III, formally accepts his appointment as the first Governor of the Province of New Brunswick.

July 9, 1973
The town of Riverview is incorporated.

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