New Brunswick: Our Stories, Our People. Welcome to our Time Machine! Point and click on a year in the bar below… and travel through New Brunswick’s fascinating history to 1867 : -9,000; -4,000; -1,000; Maliseet Heritage; Mi’kmaq Heritage; Passamaquoddy Heritage; 1524; 1534; 1604; 1606; 1621; 1672; 1691; 1721; 1750; 1755; 1760; 1763; 1783; 1784; 1800; 1812; 1830’s; 1840’s; 1850’s; 1860’s
Then explore the links to learn more about the amazing peoples and stories that make up New Brunswick’s past.This Week in New Brunswick History/ Talking About History ! Virtual Museum of Canada New Brunswick Heritage
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New window opens with - Bone Harpoon/ Harpon en os
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-1000 to 1500 Passamaquoddy Heritage

New window opens with - Passamaquoddy Traditional Homeland/ Le territoire du peuple passamaquoddy
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The traditional homeland of Passamaquoddy people lies within the valley of the St. Croix river and its tributaries. This territory covers most of southwestern New Brunswick, as well as parts of Maine.

New window opens with - Stone Beads/ Perles de pierre
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New window opens with - Bone Beads/ Perles en os
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New window opens with - Beaver Teeth/ Dents de castor
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In contrast to their Maliseet and Mi’kmaq neighbours in Wabanahkik, who lived along the coast only during the summer and moved inland for the winter, Passamaquoddy lived in villages by the shore all year round.

New window opens with - Archaeological Excavation/ Fouilles archéologiques
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For Passamaquoddy, shellfish collecting and coastal living was a permanent way of life. Passamaquoddy village sites, along the southwestern shore of the Bay of Fundy coast, reveal many kinds of preserved shells.

New window opens with - Seal Hunting/ Chasse aux phoques
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The curving coastlines and offshore islands provided many ideal locations where sea mammals and fish could be easily taken. Huge flocks of waterfowl nested on the island rocks, and tidal flats were filled with clams, mussels, urchins, and flatfish. The soft-shelled clam was most often eaten.

New window opens with - 19th Century Birchbark Container/ Récipient en écorce de bouleau du 19e siècle
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Because Passamaquoddy lived in their coastal homes during winter, the entrances always faced inland as protection from the cold harsh winds off the ocean. Their houses were partially dug into the ground and were covered with bark or skin.

New window opens with - 19th Century Writing Case/ Nécessaire à écrire du 19e siècle
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New window opens with - 19th Century Drinking Cup/ Tasse du 19e siècle
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Click here to read “The Passamaquoddy Song of the Drum”.

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