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Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick
Status of Legislation - First Reading Bill
An Act to Amend the Partnerships and Business Names Registration Act
 
Legislature :
54
Session :
5
Bill No. :
44
Member :
Hon. Betts
First Reading :
2003-3-20
Second Reading :
2003-3-21
Committee of the Whole :
2003-3-25
Amended :
Third Reading :
2003-3-26
Royal Assent :
2003-4-11
Download PDF :
  Bill 44         
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Text of Bill :
Her Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick, enacts as follows:

1 Section 1 of the Partnerships and Business Names Registration Act, chapter P-5 of the Revised Statutes, 1973, is amended

(a) in the French version in the definition « firme » by striking out "société en nom collectif" and substituting "société en nom collectif et, relativement à une profession admissible, s'entend également d'un cabinet";

(b) by adding the following definitions in alphabetical order:

"eligible profession" means a profession that is regulated by an Act of the Legislature;

"extra-provincial limited liability partnership" means a partnership that is designated as an extra-provincial limited liability partnership under this Act;

"governing jurisdiction", in relation to a partnership, means the jurisdiction whose law governs the interpretation of the partnership agreement by operation of law or through a provision in the partnership agreement or another document created by the partnership;

"liability insurance" means

(a) a policy of insurance that covers the payment of professional liability claims against a partner in or an employee of a limited liability partnership, or

(b) another method of ensuring the availability of funds to pay professional liability claims against partners in or employees of a limited liability partnership that is approved by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council;

"New Brunswick limited liability partnership" means a partnership that is designated as a New Brunswick limited liability partnership under this Act;

"professional liability claim" means a claim against a partner or an employee with respect to his or her negligence, wrongful act or omission, malpractice or misconduct occurring in the ordinary course of practising an eligible profession in a New Brunswick limited liability partnership or an extra-provincial limited liability partnership;

2 Subsection 2(1) of the Act is repealed.

3 Subsection 3(2) of the Act is amended in the French version by striking out "principal siège d'affaires" and substituting "principal lieu d'affaires".

4 The Act is amended by adding after section 3 the following:

3.1(1) The members of a firm carrying on business only for the purpose of practising an eligible profession, including carrying on activities incidental or directly related to the practice of the profession, may cause a certificate of partnership to be registered.

3.1(2) Where the members of a firm cause a certificate of partnership to be registered under subsection (1), they shall cause a certificate of renewal to be registered every five years from the date the certificate of partnership was registered.

3.1(3) A certificate referred to in subsection (1) or (2) shall be in the form prescribed by regulation and shall be signed personally by each member of the firm and shall set forth the full name, address and occupation of each partner, the firm name, the principal place of business of the firm in New Brunswick, and the time during which the partnership has subsisted and shall state that the persons named in the certificate are the only members of the firm.

5 The Act is amended by adding after section 4 the following:

4.1 Notwithstanding subsections 3(2), 3.1(3) and 4(2), the registrar may permit the registration of a certificate that is signed otherwise than in accordance with the provisions of sections 3, 3.1 and 4 when the certificate is signed on behalf of a member of a firm who has given authority in this regard to the actual signer who is also a member of the firm.

6 Section 6 of the Act is repealed and the following is substituted:

6 Registration of a certificate under section 3, 3.1 or 4 shall be effected by filing it, accompanied by the fee prescribed by regulation, with the registrar.

7 The Act is amended by adding after section 8 the following:

8.1(1) The designation of a partnership as a New Brunswick limited liability partnership shall be effected by the filing with the registrar of a certificate of designation, accompanied by the fee prescribed by regulation, by the members of a firm whose governing jurisdiction is New Brunswick and which carries on business only for the purpose of practising an eligible profession, including carrying on activities incidental or directly related to the practice of the profession.

8.1(2) A certificate of designation shall not be filed under subsection (1) in respect of a partnership unless

(a) a certificate of partnership or a certificate of renewal of partnership is registered under this Act in respect of the partnership,

(b) the governing Act of the eligible profession, a regulation made under that Act or the governing body of the eligible profession permits the profession to be practised in a limited liability partnership, and

(c) the governing Act of the eligible profession, a regulation made under that Act or the governing body of the eligible profession requires its members who practise the profession in New Brunswick as partners in or employees of a limited liability partnership to maintain a minimum amount of liability insurance.

8.1(3) A certificate referred to in subsection (1) shall be in the form prescribed by regulation and shall include the name of the eligible profession in which the partners practise and a statement from one of the partners certifying

(a) that the partnership and the partners meet all the applicable eligibility requirements for the practice of the eligible profession in a limited liability partnership that are imposed in or under the governing Act of the eligible profession, and

(b) that the partners in and employees of the partnership have the minimum amount of liability insurance that the governing Act of the eligible profession, a regulation made under that Act or the governing body requires, as provided for in paragraph (2)(c).

8.1(4) Where a certificate is filed under subsection (1), it shall, if required by the registrar, be accompanied by a statement from a person who is authorized by the governing body of the eligible profession to provide the statement, certifying

(a) that the partnership and the partners meet all the applicable eligibility requirements for the practice of the eligible profession in a limited liability partnership that are imposed in or under the governing Act of the eligible profession, or

(b) that the partners in and employees of the partnership have the minimum amount of liability insurance that the governing Act of the eligible profession, a regulation made under that Act or the governing body requires, as provided for in paragraph (2)(c).

8.2 The status of a partnership as a New Brunswick limited liability partnership takes effect on the day on which the partnership is designated as a New Brunswick limited liability partnership under this Act and continues until the designation is cancelled by the registrar.

8.3 Subject to any agreement between the partners, the designation of a partnership as a New Brunswick limited liability partnership does not cause the dissolution of the partnership, and the New Brunswick limited liability partnership continues as the same partnership that existed before the designation.

8.4 Where a partnership is designated as a New Brunswick limited liability partnership, the partnership shall forthwith

(a) send to all of its existing clients within New Brunswick or elsewhere a notice advising of the designation and explaining in general terms the potential changes in liability of the partners that result from the designation and the operation of Part III of the Partnership Act, or

(b) cause a notice to be published in at least one newspaper having general circulation in the area in which the principal place of business of the partnership is located advising of the designation and explaining in general terms the potential changes in liability of the partners that result from the designation and the operation of Part III of the Partnership Act.

8.5(1) The firm name of a New Brunswick limited liability partnership shall contain the phrase "Limited Liability Partnership" or its abbreviation "LLP", or the phrase "société à responsabilité limitée" or its abbreviation "s.r.l.".

8.5(2) A New Brunswick limited liability partnership shall not carry on business under a name other than the firm name registered in respect of the partnership under this Act.

8.5(3) Where a change takes place in the firm name of a partnership that is registered under this Act, subsection (2) does not apply until the earlier of

(a) two months after the change takes place, and

(b) the date a certificate of the change is registered in accordance with subsection 4(1).

8.5(4) No partnership shall use the phrase "Limited Liability Partnership" or its abbreviation "LLP" or the phrase "société à responsabilité limitée" or its abbreviation "s.r.l." in its firm name unless it is a partnership designated as a New Brunswick limited liability partnership or as an extra-provincial limited liability partnership under this Act or unless the laws of the governing jurisdiction of the partnership require or permit that the firm name contain the phrase or abbreviation.

8.6(1) The designation of a partnership as an extra-provincial limited liability partnership shall be effected by the filing with the registrar of a certificate of designation, accompanied by the fee prescribed by regulation, by the members of a firm with a governing jurisdiction other than New Brunswick and which carries on business in New Brunswick only for the purpose of practising an eligible profession, including carrying on activities incidental or directly related to the practice of the profession.

8.6(2) A certificate of designation shall not be filed under subsection (1) in respect of a partnership unless

(a) a certificate of partnership or a certificate of renewal of partnership is registered under this Act in respect of the partnership,

(b) the governing Act of the eligible profession, a regulation made under that Act or the governing body of the eligible profession in New Brunswick permits the profession to be practised in a limited liability partnership,

(c) the governing Act of the eligible profession, a regulation made under that Act or the governing body of the eligible profession in New Brunswick requires its members who practise the profession in New Brunswick as partners in or employees of a limited liability partnership to maintain a minimum amount of liability insurance, and

(d) the partnership has the status of a limited liability partnership under the laws of the governing jurisdiction.

8.6(3) A certificate referred to in subsection (1) shall be in the form prescribed by regulation and shall include

(a) the name of the eligible profession in which the partners practise,

(b) the name of the governing jurisdiction of the partnership,

(c) a statement from one of the partners certifying that the partnership has the status of a limited liability partnership under the laws of the governing jurisdiction, and

(d) a statement from one of the partners certifying

(i) that the partnership and the partners meet all the applicable eligibility requirements for the practice of the eligible profession in a limited liability partnership that are imposed in or under the governing Act of the eligible profession, and

(ii) that the partners in and employees of the partnership have the minimum amount of liability insurance that the governing Act of the eligible profession, a regulation made under that Act or the governing body requires, as provided for in paragraph (2)(c).

8.6(4) Where a certificate is filed under subsection (1), it shall, if required by the registrar, be accompanied by a statement from a person who is authorized by the governing body of the eligible profession in New Brunswick to provide the statement, certifying

(a) that the partnership and the partners meet all the applicable eligibility requirements for the practice of the eligible profession in a limited liability partnership that are imposed in or under the governing Act of the eligible profession, or

(b) that the partners in and employees of the partnership have the minimum amount of liability insurance that the governing Act of the eligible profession, a regulation made under that Act or the governing body requires, as provided for in paragraph (2)(c).

8.7 The status of a partnership as an extra-provincial limited liability partnership takes effect on the day on which the partnership is designated as an extra-provincial limited liability partnership under this Act and continues until the designation is cancelled by the registrar.

8.8 Where a partnership is designated as an extra-provincial limited liability partnership, the partnership shall forthwith

(a) send to all of its existing clients in New Brunswick a notice advising of the designation and explaining in general terms the potential changes in liability of the partners that result from the designation and the operation of Part III of the Partnership Act, or

(b) cause a notice to be published in at least one newspaper having general circulation in the area in which the principal place of business of the partnership in New Brunswick is located advising of the designation and explaining in general terms the potential changes in liability of the partners that result from the designation and the operation of Part III of the Partnership Act.

8.81(1) The firm name of an extra-provincial limited liability partnership shall contain the words and abbreviations required pursuant to the laws of the governing jurisdiction.

8.81(2) An extra-provincial limited liability partnership shall not carry on business under a name other than the firm name registered in respect of the partnership under this Act.

8.81(3) Where a change takes place in the firm name of a partnership that is registered under this Act, subsection (2) does not apply until the earlier of

(a) two months after the change takes place, and

(b) the date a certificate of the change is registered in accordance with subsection 4(1).

8.82 No person shall hold himself, herself or itself out as carrying on business as a New Brunswick limited liability partnership or as an extra-provincial limited liability partnership, or as a partner in such a partnership, unless the partnership is designated as such under this Act.

8.83(1) Where a partnership files with the registrar a certificate of cancellation of designation in the form prescribed by regulation, accompanied by the fee prescribed by regulation, the registrar shall cancel the designation of the partnership as a New Brunswick limited liability partnership or as an extra-provincial limited liability partnership.

8.83(2) The registrar may upon reasonable notice cancel the designation of a partnership as a New Brunswick limited liability partnership or as an extra-provincial limited partnership if the registrar receives a notice

(a) from a person who is authorized by the governing body of the applicable eligible profession in New Brunswick to provide the notice, stating that

(i) the partnership or one or more of the partners no longer meet all the applicable eligibility requirements for the practice of the eligible profession in a limited liability partnership that are imposed in or under the governing Act of the eligible profession, or

(ii) one or more of the partners or employees no longer have the minimum amount of liability insurance that the governing Act of the eligible profession, a regulation made under that Act or the governing body requires, as provided for in paragraph 8.1(2)(c) or 8.6(2)(c), as the case may be, or

(b) from the regulatory official or body in the governing jurisdiction of the extra-provincial limited liability partnership, stating that the partnership no longer has the status of a limited liability partnership in that jurisdiction.

8.83(3) Reasonable notice of the registrar's intention to cancel a designation under subsection (2) shall be deemed to be given for the purposes of that subsection if the registrar publishes a notice of intention in The Royal Gazette at least thirty days before cancellation of the designation.

8.83(4) Where the registrar cancels a designation under subsection (2), the registrar shall forthwith give notice of the cancellation in The Royal Gazette, and may, in the case of a New Brunswick limited liability partnership, revoke the registered name of the firm and assign a new name which does not use the phrase "Limited Liability Partnership" or its abbreviation "LLP" or the phrase "société à responsabilité limitée" or its abbreviation "s.r.l.".

8.83(5) Where the registrar assigns a new name to a firm under subsection (4), the registrar shall issue and file a certificate of amendment showing the new name, and shall give notice of the change forthwith in The Royal Gazette.


8.83(6) No partner or partnership shall continue to hold the partnership out as being a New Brunswick limited liability partnership or an extra-provincial limited liability partnership after the cancellation of the designation of the partnership as such.

8.83(7) The cancellation of the designation of a New Brunswick limited liability partnership affects only the designation of the partnership as a New Brunswick limited liability partnership and does not dissolve the partnership.

8.84 A partnership that has the status of a limited liability partnership under the laws of a jurisdiction other than New Brunswick shall be treated as an ordinary partnership with respect to the rights and obligations that are acquired or incurred by the partnership under New Brunswick laws during a period in which the partnership is carrying on business in New Brunswick without being designated as an extra-provincial limited liability partnership under this Act.

8.85 Notwithstanding anything to the contrary or any lack of authority in the eligible profession's governing Act, the governing body of an eligible profession is authorized to permit the eligible profession to be practised in limited liability partnerships.

8.86(1) Where an eligible profession is permitted by its governing Act, by a regulation made under that Act or by the governing body of the eligible profession to be practised in limited liability partnerships, the governing body is authorized to require its members who practise the profession in New Brunswick as partners in such partnerships or as employees of such partnerships to maintain a minimum amount of liability insurance.

8.86(2) Subsection (1) applies notwithstanding anything to the contrary or any lack of authority in the eligible profession's governing Act.

8.87 A New Brunswick limited liability partnership or an extra-provincial limited liability partnership shall be treated as an ordinary partnership with respect to the rights and obligations that are acquired or incurred by the partnership under New Brunswick laws during a period in which

(a) the partnership is carrying on business in New Brunswick, and

(b) one or more partners in or employees of the partnership no longer have the minimum amount of liability insurance that the governing Act of the eligible profession, a regulation made under that Act or the governing body requires, as provided for in paragraph 8.1(2)(c) or 8.6(2)(c), as the case may be.

8 Section 9 of the Act is amended

(a) in subsection (1) by striking out "person who carries on business" and substituting "person who carries on business for trading, manufacturing or mining purposes";

(b) in subsection (2) in the portion preceding paragraph (a) by striking out "persons make use in business" and substituting "persons make use in business carried on for trading, manufacturing or mining purposes".

9 Subsection 9.1(1) of the Act is amended by striking out "person who carries on business" and substituting "person who carries on business for trading, manufacturing or mining purposes".

10 Section 10 of the Act is amended by striking out "every certificate registered or deemed to have been registered under this Act" and substituting "every certificate registered or filed or deemed to have been registered under this Act".

11 Section 11 of the Act is repealed and the following is substituted:

11 A notice of the registration or filing of each certificate registered or filed under this Act shall be given forthwith by the registrar in The Royal Gazette, but the cost of publication of such notice shall be paid by the person registering or filing the certificate at the time of registration or filing.

12 Section 12.1 of the Act is amended

(a) in subsection (1) by striking out "members of every firm required to register a certificate under section 3" and substituting "members of every firm required to register a certificate under section 3 or who register a certificate under section 3.1";

(b) in subsection (4) by striking out "section 3 or 9" and substituting "section 3, 3.1 or 9".

13 Section 12.2 of the Act is repealed and the following is substituted:

12.2 Where a certificate is registered under subsection 4(3), 9(6) or 9.3(3), the registrar shall cancel

(a) the registration of any other certificate registered under section 3, 3.1, 4, 9 or 9.3 with respect to the same firm or name, and

(b) any designation of New Brunswick limited liability partnership or extra-provincial limited liability partnership with respect to the same firm.

14 Section 12.3 of the Act is amended by striking out "in accordance with paragraph 3(1)(b) or (c) or subsection 9(7)" and substituting "in accordance with paragraph 3(1)(b) or (c) or subsection 3.1(2) or 9(7)".

15 The Act is amended by adding after section 12.31 the following:

12.32 Where the registrar cancels the registration of a certificate of partnership or of a certificate of renewal of partnership under section 12.3 with respect to a firm, the registrar shall at the same time cancel any designation of New Brunswick limited liability partnership or extra-provincial limited liability partnership with respect to the same firm.

16 Section 15 of the Act is amended

(a) in paragraph (1)(b) by striking out "signed or registered" and substituting "signed, registered or filed";

(b) by adding after subsection (1) the following:

15(1.1) Every person who violates or fails to comply with subsection 8.5(4), section 8.82 or subsection 8.83(6) commits an offence punishable under Part II of the Provincial Offences Procedure Act as a category C offence.

17 Section 15.1 of the Act is repealed and the following is substituted:

15.1 Where a person is convicted of an offence under section 15, the registrar may, in addition to any penalty imposed under section 15, cancel

(a) the registration of any certificate to which the offence relates, or

(b) any designation of New Brunswick limited liability partnership or extra-provincial limited liability partnership to which the offence relates.

18 Subsection 16(1) of the Act is amended by striking out "sections 17 and 18" and substituting "sections 17, 17.1 and 18".

19 Subsection 17(1) of the Act is amended

(a) by striking out the portion preceding paragraph (a) and substituting the following:

17(1) Upon application in writing and payment of the fee, if any, prescribed by regulation, the registrar may, upon such terms and conditions as he or she directs, and whether or not the time limited for compliance with the provisions of this Act has expired, by order

(b) by repealing paragraph (a);

(c) in paragraph (b) by striking out "registered" and substituting "registered or filed";

(d) in paragraph (c)

(i) by striking out "declaration" and substituting "declaration or a certificate filed under this Act";

(ii) by striking out "and" at the end of the paragraph;

(e) in paragraph (d)

(i) by striking out "in accordance with the provisions of sections 3 and 4" and substituting "in accordance with the provisions of sections 3, 3.1 and 4";

(ii) by striking out the period at the end of the paragraph and substituting a comma;

(f) by adding after paragraph (d) the following:

(e) permit the registration of a certificate referred to in subsection 3(1) or 3.1(1) or (2) which does not set forth the full name, address and occupation of each partner or does not state that the persons named in the certificate are the only members of the firm, and

(f) permit the registration of a certificate referred to in subsection 4(1) which, in the case of a change in the membership of a firm, does not set forth the full name, address and occupation of any retiring member, of each continuing member and of each incoming member.

20 The Act is amended by adding after section 17 the following:

17.1 Where a certificate is required to be registered under this Act, the registrar may permit the registration of the certificate notwithstanding that the time for registering the certificate has expired.

Transitional
21(1) This section applies to a partnership that, on the day this section comes into force, has the status of a limited liability partnership under the laws of a jurisdiction other than New Brunswick and is carrying on business in New Brunswick.

21(2) Section 8.84 of the Partnerships and Business Names Registration Act, as enacted by section 7 of this amending Act, does not apply to the partnership until six months after the commencement of this section.

Commencement
22 Sections 1 to 17, paragraphs 19(c), (d), (e) and (f) and section 21 of this Act or any provision of them come into force on a day or days to be fixed by proclamation.

EXPLANATORY NOTES

Section 1

(a) The existing definition is as follows:

« firme » désigne les personnes qui se sont associées pour former une société en nom collectif;

(b) New definitions.

Section 2

The existing provision is as follows:

2(1) This Act applies only to persons engaged in business carried on for trading, manufacturing or mining purposes.

Section 3

The existing provision is as follows:

3(2) Un certificat visé au paragraphe (1) doit être établi selon la formule prévue par règlement; il doit être signé personnellement par chaque membre de la firme et indiquer les noms et prénoms, l'adresse et la profession de chaque associé, la raison sociale, le principal siège d'affaires de la firme dans la province ainsi que la période pendant laquelle la société en nom collectif a existé, et il doit également attester que les personnes qui y sont nommément désignées sont les seuls membres de la firme.

Section 4

New provisions.

Section 5

New provision.

Section 6

The existing provision is as follows:

6 Registration of a certificate under section 3 or 4 shall be effected by filing it, accompanied by the fee prescribed by regulation, with the registrar.

Section 7

New provisions.

Section 8

(a) The existing provision is as follows:

9(1) Every person who carries on business otherwise than as a member of a firm and who in that business uses as his business name some designation other than his own name, or uses as his business name his own name with the addition of the words "and company" or any word or abbreviation indicating a plurality of persons, shall sign and register a certificate of his business name in the form prescribed by regulation within two months after the time when he commences so to carry on business.

(b) The existing provision is as follows:

9(2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), where any person or persons make use in business of the name of another person without the addition of any other word, he or they shall


(a) sign and register a certificate of his or their business name in the prescribed form within the time mentioned in subsection (1), and

(b) commencing immediately after registration of a certificate under paragraph (a), add after such name in the course of business the word "Registered" or the abbreviation "Reg'd."

Section 9

The existing provision is as follows:

9.1(1) Any person who carries on business outside the Province otherwise than as a member of a firm and who in that business uses as his business name some designation other than his own name may sign and register a certificate of business name in the form prescribed by regulation.

Section 10

The existing provision is as follows:

10 The registrar shall cause to be established and maintained a register, in the form and manner and including such information as he considers necessary, of every certificate registered or deemed to have been registered under this Act.

Section 11

The existing provision is as follows:

11 A notice of the registration of each certificate registered under this Act shall be given forthwith by the registrar in The Royal Gazette, but the cost of publication of such notice shall be paid by the person registering the certificate at the time of registration.

Section 12

(a) The existing provision is as follows:

12.1(1) The members of every firm required to register a certificate under section 3, if none is resident in the Province, and every person required to register a certificate under section 9, if not resident in the Province, shall have an agent resident in the Province who is authorized to accept service of process in all suits and proceedings in the Province by or against the firm or person and to receive all notices.

(b) The existing provision is as follows:

12.1(4) Where a certificate has been filed under subsection (2), a second or subsequent certificate is not required to be filed under that subsection by reason only that a certificate of renewal has been or must be registered under section 3 or 9.

Section 13

The existing provision is as follows:

12.2 Where a certificate is registered under subsection 4(3), 9(6) or 9.3(3), the registrar shall cancel the registration of any other certificate registered under section 3, 4, 9 or 9.3 with respect to the same firm or name.

Section 14

The existing provision is as follows:

12.3 Where a certificate is not registered in accordance with paragraph 3(1)(b) or (c) or subsection 9(7), or where the registrar has reasonable grounds to believe that a partnership registered under this Act has been dissolved or that a person has ceased to carry on business in the name registered under this Act, the registrar may upon reasonable notice cancel the registration of any certificate with respect to that firm or business name, and shall give notice of such cancellation forthwith in The Royal Gazette.

Section 15

New provision.

Section 16

(a) The existing provision is as follows:

15(1) Every person who

(a) fails to register any certificate in the manner and within the time prescribed by this Act, or fails to comply with paragraph 9(2)(b),

(b) knowingly makes a false statement in a certificate signed or registered by him under this Act, or

(c) violates any of the provisions of section 13,

is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding five hundred dollars, and in default of payment is liable to imprisonment in accordance with subsection 31(3) of the Summary Convictions Act.

(b) New provision.

Section 17

The existing provision is as follows:

15.1 Where a person is convicted of an offence under section 15, the registrar may, in addition to any penalty imposed under section 15, cancel the registration of any certificate to which the offence relates.

Section 18

The existing provision is as follows:

16(1) Subject to the provisions of sections 17 and 18, while any firm or person is in default in registering any certificate required to be registered by this Act, the rights of the defaulter under or arising out of any contract in relation to the business in respect of which the certificate was required to be registered are not enforceable by action or other legal proceedings either in the firm or business name or otherwise.

Section 19

The existing provision is as follows:

17(1) Where a person who is required to register a certificate under this Act applies in writing and pays the fee prescribed by regulation, the registrar may, upon such terms and conditions as he directs, and whether or not the time limited for compliance with the provisions of this Act has expired, by order

(a) extend the time for registering a certificate,

(b) permit one or more counterparts of a certificate to be registered without the other or others,

(c) provide for the correcting of any omission or mis-statement in a registered certificate or declaration that arises from accident, inadvertence or other sufficient cause, and

(d) permit the registration of a certificate signed otherwise than in accordance with the provisions of sections 3 and 4, when signed on behalf of a principal who has given special written authority in this connection to the actual signer, or when a party who should have signed personally has died without so signing.

Section 20

New provision.

Section 21

Transitional provisions.

Section 22

Commencement provision.
.........................................................................................................................................................................................................
Legend
* Private Bill
** Bill referred to Standing Committee on Law Amendments
+ Private Member's Public Bill
++ Motion for second reading defeated
+++ Debate at second reading adjourned
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