Government of New Brunswick

Kings Landing Historical Settlement is officially opened. The $5-million development project involved the restoration of more than 30 century-old buildings, salvaged from the St. John River valley prior to the flooding of the Mactaquac headpond.



July 15, 1880 Convicts of the Saint John and Halifax penitentiaries are sent to the new Dominion Penitentiary in Dorchester.
July 15, 1984 H.R.H. The Duke of Edinburgh visits C.F.B. Gagetown to present new colours to the Royal Canadian Regiment.
July 15, 1951 Evelyn Henry of Keppoch (Prince Edward Island) becomes the first person to swim the Northumberland Strait, entering the water at Cape Tormentine and emerging at Borden (PEI) almost 9 hours later.
July 15, 1788 The meeting location for New Brunswick’s Legislative Assembly moves from Saint John to Fredericton.
July 16, 1878 The Honourable Edward Barron Chandler, of Dorchester - one of the Fathers of Confederation - is appointed Lieutenant-Governor of New Brunswick.
July 17, 1843 Miramichi's "fighting election" occurs as clashes between the Joseph Cunard and Alexander Rankin factions break out around polling stations. Troops are sent to maintain order after one person dies and others claim their lives had been threatened.
July 17, 1935 Actor and movie star, Donald Sutherland, is born in Saint John, where he lives for 14 years. Sutherland is introduced to the theatre through puppet classes at the New Brunswick Museum.
July 17, 1837 Approval of the Civil Government bill marks the triumph of the House of Assembly, over the Legislative Council, for Responsible Government. Now the elected Assembly has control over all revenue from Crown Land, as well as certain duties and taxes.
July 17, 1979 Members of Tobique First Nation lead a 132 km march of women and childen from Oka (Quebec) to Ottawa (Ontario), in protest of Canada’s Indian Act that discriminates against Native women.
July 18, 1788 The first meeting of the Legislative Assembly in Fredericton takes place in the Governor's Mansion House - site of present-day Old Government House; but due to summer haying season, a number of Assembly members are unable to attend.
July 18, 1974 Premier Richard Hatfield announces the construction of the first nuclear power station in the Maritimes, at Point Lepreau on the Bay of Fundy.
July 18, 1621 Françoise-Marie Jacquelin is born in Nogent-le-Rotrou (France), the daughter of a medical doctor. Later in life, she marries Charles de Saint-Étienne de La Tour, Governor of Acadia, and dies at Fort La Tour (Saint John) in 1645.
July 19, 1776 At Watertown (Massachusetts), Maliseet and Mi’kmaq delegates sign a Treaty of Alliance and Friendship with the United States of America, agreeing to assist in their “War with the King of Britain”, in return for the “necessities and conveniences of life”.
July 19, 1844 New Brunswick's first lazaretto opens on Sheldrake Island in Miramichi Bay. With little support, the leper colony is a failure, and discontent becomes widespread. The facility is closed in 1849 and residents are moved to new accommodations at Tracadie.
July 20, 1974 Kings Landing Historical Settlement is officially opened. The $5-million development project involved the restoration of more than 30 century-old buildings, salvaged from the St. John River valley prior to the flooding of the Mactaquac headpond.
July 20, 1881 The first National Acadian Convention is held in Memramcook. Over 5000 delegates meet to discuss the future survival of Acadian culture within Confederation, and "La Société Nationale l'Assomption" (La Société National de l'Acadie) is established.
July 21, 1861 Disguised as a man, Sarah Emma Edmonds of Magaguadavic, serves on the Union side in the "Battle of Bull Run" during the American Civil War. Under the alias of Private Franklin Thompson, she becomes a soldier nurse and later a Union spy.
July 21, 1881 At the first National Acadian Convention taking place in Memramcook, the Feast of Assumption (August 15) is chosen as National Acadian Day - affirming the uniqueness of Acadian culture as descending not from Canada, but from France.