Government of New Brunswick

Molly Kool of Alma becomes Canada's first woman sea captain. After receiving her ticket, Molly takes command of the vessel " Jean K " and works the coastal trade throughout the Bay of Fundy until after World War II.



May 20, 1786 Governor Thomas Carleton’s official title is changed to that of Lieutenant-Governor of New Brunswick and Commander-in-Chief of the Forces, while his brother, Sir Guy Carleton, becomes Governor-in-Chief of British North America.
May 20, 1895 In Saint John, Philias Bertrand patents the Inserted Saw Tooth for use in the sawmill industry.
May 20, 1873 Parliament agrees to a resolution, moved by Samuel Leonard Tilley, that Prince Edward Island enter into Confederation. Prince Edward Island agrees and by an Imperial Order-in-Council on June 26, the colony is admitted into the Canadian Confederation.
May 20, 1848 Lt.- Governor Sir Edmund Head forms the first “Responsible Government” in New Brunswick - selecting for his Executive Council, Edward B. Chandler, Robert L. Hayes, William B. Kinnear, John R. Partelow, and reformers Lemuel A. Wilmot and Charles Fisher.
May 20, 1676 Jacques de Chambly is re-appointed Governor of Acadia, although Pierre de Joybert maintains his position as colonial administrator at Fort Jemseg - the capital of Acadia from 1676 to 1678.
May 20, 1816 New Brunswick's first steamboat, the " General Smyth ", sails on her first trip from Saint John to Fredericton. Stopping over at Maugerville, the steamer arrives the next morning at Fredericton - to a tumultuous reception.
May 20, 1786 York County Maliseet Pierre Bonwah is shot dead in his canoe on the river St. John, over a dispute about missing hogs. A trial the next month in Fredericton finds Loyalist settlers David Nelson and William Harboard guilty of murder. Nelson is hanged.
May 22, 1958 The Honourable Joseph Leonard O’Brien, of Nelson (Miramichi), is appointed Lieutenant-Governor of New Brunswick.
May 22, 1867 Queen Victoria issues a Royal Proclamation for uniting the Provinces of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick into one Dominion. The union is to be effective July 1, 1867.
May 22, 1851 Gilbert White Ganong is born in Springfield. Moving to St. Stephen, Ganong enters into a partnership with his brother James to establish Ganong Bros. in 1873 - the largest manufacturers of confectionary products in Canada.
May 22, 1820 The Executive Council authorizes £125 for a mail courier between Fredericton and the Miramichi and an additional £50 for the courier from Miramichi to Nepisiguit (Bathurst).
May 23, 1906 Moncton mayor James Ryan is found guilty of two counts of assault in physical attacks against newspaper publisher John Hawke. The guilty judgement is the result of brutal fist fights in Hawke's newspaper office and Moncton's Council Chambers.
May 24, 1900 Canada's first Empire Day takes place in Fredericton, organized by the New Brunswick Auxiliary of the Imperial Order of the Daughters of the Empire.
May 24, 1819 Queen Victoria's birthday. Born the daughter of Edward, the Duke of Kent, and Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg, H.R.H. Princess Victoria becomes Queen in 1837 - after the death of her uncle William IV.
May 24, 1882 First issue of the "Moncton Transcript" newspaper (forerunner to the current "Times & Transcript").
May 24, 1918 Federal voting rights are granted to women throughout Canada and, gradually, full voting and political rights are issued.
May 24, 1650 Governor of Acadia, Charles de Menou d'Aulnay dies after his canoe capsizes in Port Royal Basin, and is buried at Port Royal. D'Aulnay's widow, Jeanne Motin, and his former rival, Charles de Saint-Étienne de La Tour, sign a marriage contract in 1653.
May 25, 1815 Over 300 Black Refugees, escaped slaves from Virginia and Maryland who found shelter in British occupied Chesapeake Bay during the War of 1812, arrive in Saint John harbour aboard the "H.M.S. Regulus". They eventually settle near Loch Lomond.
May 25, 1939 Molly Kool of Alma becomes Canada's first woman sea captain. After receiving her ticket, Molly takes command of the vessel " Jean K " and works the coastal trade throughout the Bay of Fundy until after World War II.
May 25, 1875 Saint John's Grace Annie Lockhart becomes the first woman in the British Empire to earn a university degree, as she graduates from Mount Allison University with a Bachelor of Science and English Literature.
May 25, 1878 Albert James Smith of Dorchester becomes the first native-born New Brunswicker to be knighted by a British monarch.
May 25, 1879 Industrialist and newspaper baron Sir William Maxwell Aitken (Lord Beaverbrook) is born in Maple, Ontario, and later moves to Newcastle, where he spends his boyhood years.
May 25, 1971 The Council of Maritime Premiers is formed to foster increased co-operation between the three provinces.
May 26, 1784 Captain Nehemiah Marks comes ashore on the banks of the St. Croix River with 200 settlers. Upon landing, they raise the British flag and name their new settlement "Morristown" (St. Stephen).
May 26, 1868 New Brunswick's Coat of Arms is assigned by Queen Victoria. On September 25, 1984 additions are granted by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II during a public ceremony in Fredericton to mark the 200th anniversary of the establishment of the province.