Government of New Brunswick

The Beaverbrook Art Gallery is officially opened on Queen Street in Fredericton, by Dr. William Constable, former Curator of the Boston Art Gallery, and descendant of the English painter John Constable.



September 16, 1915 The 26th Battalion ("New Brunswick's Fighting 26th") departs England and lands at Boulogne (France). Later, they participate in capturing Courcelette and taking more than 1,000 prisoners.
September 16, 2001 An estimated 50 non-Native fishing boats terrorize Native fishers and cut Native lobster pots, after Burnt Church Natives are issued a food fishery license providing unrestricted fishing rights within a specified fishing zone.
September 16, 1839 Described as "the poor man's friend", George Fenety starts the first penny newspaper in the Maritimes, in Saint John. "The Commercial News and General Advertiser" is later called the "Morning News".
September 16, 1858 Andrew Bonar Law, Great Britain’s only Prime Minister from outside the British Isles, is born in the Manse at Kingston (Rexton) – Bonar Law Historic Site.
September 17, 1999 The Supreme Court of Canada upholds the Treaties of 1760 and 1761 - recognizing Mi’kmaq, Maliseet and Passamaquoddy rights to a moderate livelihood through hunting, fishing and gathering.
September 17, 1902 Long-distance automobile travel is inaugurated in New Brunswick as J.C. Miller of Millerton, near Newcastle, drives his Oldsmobile to Fredericton in 11 hours.
September 17, 1758 British troops, under the command of James Murray, destroy the first stone church built in New Brunswick, located at Burnt Church.
September 18, 1845 Gas lighting is first introduced in Saint John.
September 18, 1968 The village of Chipman is incorporated.
September 18, 1959 The Beaverbrook Art Gallery is officially opened on Queen Street in Fredericton, by Dr. William Constable, former Curator of the Boston Art Gallery, and descendant of the English painter John Constable.
September 18, 1632 Scottish raiders, led by Andrew Forrester of Charlesfort, New Scotland (Port Royal, Nova Scotia), attack Fort Sainte-Marie in St. John harbour. Governor Charles de Saint-Étienne de La Tour later retaliates by robbing English traders at Machias (Maine).
September 18, 1758 Colonel Robert Monckton arrives at Partridge Island, with over 2000 troops, on orders to destroy Acadian settlements along the river St. John. Fort Frederick is established at the mouth of the river, near the location of an abandoned French fort.
September 19, 1825 The Great Miramichi Fire begins - the largest fire ever recorded in the Maritimes. One fifth of New Brunswick, or about 9,656 square kms, burns - from the Northwest Miramichi to the outskirts of Fredericton.
September 20, 1966 New Brunswick signs an agreement with the federal government, providing an expenditure of $114 million to fight rural poverty over the next 10 years.
September 20, 1896 New Brunswick’s only sugar refinery, The Moncton Sugar Refining Company, is destroyed by fire. Built in 1882 and acquired in 1894 by the Acadia Sugar Refining Company of Halifax (Nova Scotia), the Moncton plant is not rebuilt.
September 20, 1684 Louis d’Amour, the Sieur de Chauffours, is granted a seigneury at Richibucto. D’Amour later moves to the river St. John, joining his brothers Mathieu (Sieur de Freneuse), René (Sieur de Clignancourt), and Bernard (Sieur de Plenne).
September 21, 1699 Joseph Aubery is ordained a priest in Quebec, by Bishop Saint-Vallier. In 1701 Father Aubery establishes a mission at Médoctec (Meductic), where he stays for eight years.
September 21, 1893 Pierre-Amand Landry, of Dorchester, becomes the first Acadian to be appointed to the Supreme Court of New Brunswick. Landry quickly gains respect for his attention to detail, and concern in treating both linguistic communities fairly.
September 21, 1893 The Honourable John Boyd, of Saint John, is appointed Lieutenant-Governor of New Brunswick.
September 22, 1866 Samuel Leonard Tilley and Nova Scotia’s Charles Tupper initiate a pledge that if Prince Edward Island would look favourably upon Confederation, Canada would support a plan to provide the Island with $800,000 to buy out land proprietors.