Government of New Brunswick

Author, folklorist, and leading cultural historian, Dr. Louise Manny, dies in Newcastle. In 1967, Dr. Manny was named one of Canada’s “Women of the Century” for her work in preserving the history and folklore of Eastern New Brunswick.

August 13, 1913 Alexander “Boss” Gibson, New Brunswick’s legendary lumber and cotton king, dies in Marysville.
August 13, 1900 In St. George, Joseph S. Clark patents the Key-opening Can, a container process still used today for such foods as canned luncheon meats, corned beef and ham.
August 13, 1983 The Black-capped Chickadee (parus atricapillus) is proclaimed the provincial bird for New Brunswick by an Order-in-Council.
August 13, 1846 The Roman Catholic Diocese of New Brunswick is incorporated.
August 14, 1987 The Honourable Gilbert Finn, of Moncton, is appointed Lieutenant-Governor of New Brunswick.
August 14, 1838 A new city water works, including fire hydrants, becomes operational in Saint John.
August 14, 1952 In Sussex, the Kings County Fair is postponed indefinitely as 60 cases of polio are reported in southeastern New Brunswick.
August 14, 1869 Federal cabinet minister Samuel Leonard Tilley telegraphs Prime Minister Macdonald from Charlottetown, announcing he has proposed "better terms" for Prince Edward Island's entry into Confederation.
August 15, 1695 During King William’s War, Fort William Henry (Pemaquid, Maine), on the disputed New England-Acadia boundary, falls to the French commander Pierre Le Moyne d’Iberville. In retaliation, Captain Benjamin Church raids Chignectou.
August 15, 1749 Maliseet Chiefs from the Wolastoq (river St. John) travel to Chebucto (Halifax, Nova Scotia), and sign a renewal of the 1725 Boston Treaty of Peace and Friendship.
August 15, 1884 The Acadian National flag and National anthem (“Ave Maris Stella”) are adopted at the second National Acadian Convention held in Miscouche (Prince Edward Island).
August 15, 1905 The fifth National Acadian Congress commences in Caraquet.
August 15, 1919 HRH Edward, Prince of Wales (son of George V) arrives in Saint John for a 1-day visit. Royal Colours are presented to New Brunswick’s “Fighting” 26th Battalion, and 5 New Brunswick war heroes, as well as Boy Scout Percy Johnston, receive medals of honour.
August 15, 1982 August 15 is declared Acadian Day in New Brunswick by Royal Proclamation.
August 16, 1934 New Brunswick celebrates its 150th anniversary as a separate province, and Prime Minister R. B. Bennett officially re-opens Canada's first public museum, the New Brunswick Museum, in its new building on Douglas Street in Saint John.
August 16, 1784 Colonel Thomas Carleton is appointed the first Governor of New Brunswick.
August 17, 1842 A “Ladies’ Bazar and Art Exhibition” is opened in the Mechanics Institute at Saint John by Lieutenant-Governor Sir William and Lady Colebrooke.
August 17, 1970 Author, folklorist, and leading cultural historian, Dr. Louise Manny, dies in Newcastle. In 1967, Dr. Manny was named one of Canada’s “Women of the Century” for her work in preserving the history and folklore of Eastern New Brunswick.
August 17, 1920 In Saint John, Robert T. Mawhinney patents the Dump Box for trucks.
August 17, 1905 Farmers in Manitoba and the territories (Saskatchewan and Alberta) request 30,000 men from eastern Canada to assist in harvesting this year’s wheat crop.
August 17, 1862 New Brunswick born lawyer, author, naturalist and government agent, Moses Henry Perley, dies on board the vessel “Desperate” off the Labrador Coast, and is buried at Forteau (Labrador).
August 18, 1827 Sir Howard Douglas meets 93-year-old Maliseet Elder, Chief Sachem Pierre Tomah, at Meductic. A veteran of the Battle of the Plains of Abraham (1759), Tomah was an influential leader during the period of the American Revolution.
August 18, 1932 Scottish aviator, James A. Mollison, flying from Portmarnock (Ireland) in a de Havilland Puss Moth, lands at Pennfield – successfully completing the first westbound solo flight across the Atlantic.
August 18, 1784 The first Royal Instructions are issued to Governor Thomas Carleton by King George III - setting out the form and order of government within the Province of New Brunswick.
August 18, 1897 In Fredericton, a two-day public auction commences at Old Government House to dispose of the entire contents of the building. Amidst “Large Crowds, Lively Interest” and “Sharp Competition”, 697 items are sold, totaling a return of less than $2,000.
August 18, 1952 The expropriation of 1,106 sq. km of land between Upper Gagetown and Westfield commences, as National Defence representative Frank Millar conducts Community Hall meetings in Petersville, New Jerusalem, Geary and Gagetown.
August 18, 1906 Violinist Arthur Leblanc is born in St-Anselme. The son of a violin maker and teacher, he is recognized for his extraordinary musical ability by age five. By 1939, in New York City his music is described as having “extreme beauty and purity”.
August 19, 1908 The sixth National Acadian Congress commences in St.-Basile.
August 19, 1905 The Canadian Pacific Railway’s annual western “Harvest Excursion” train departs from Moncton. Upwards of 3,000 young Maritimers are on their way to the northwest (Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta) to aid in harvesting grain crops.
August 19, 1942 For twelve raging hours, under intense Nazi fire, Canadian troops from the 2nd Division fight the blazing and bloody Battle of Dieppe (France).