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Great Captain of the English:

Wabanahki totemsWhen Kennebec and Penobscot members of the Wabanaki Confederacy declared war on English settlements within the colony of Massachusetts, Maliseets and Mi'kmaqs also became involved. In a letter sent to Governor Samuel Shute of Massachusetts in 1721, the Wabanahki delegates - including representatives from "Medoktek" (Meductic - near present-day Woodstock), as well as "Kaupahag" (Ekpahak - near present-day Fredericton) - protested against actions of encroachment upon their lands:

Great Captain of the English

Thou seest from the peace treaty of which I am sending thee the copy that thou must live peacefully with me. Is it living peacefully with me to take my land away from me against my will? My land which I received from God alone, my land of which no king nor foreign power has been allowed or is allowed to dispose against my will, which thou hast been doing none the less for several years, by establishing and fortifying thyself here against my wishes, as thou didst in my Anmirkangan [Androscoggin], Kenibekki [Kennebec] and Matsih-an-ssis Rivers and elsewhere and more recently in my AnmKangan [Androscoggin]River where I was very surprised to see a fort which I was told was being built by thy command.

Consider, great captain, that I have often told thee to withdraw from my land and that I am telling thee so again for the last time. My land is not thine either by right or conquest, or by grant or by purchase.

(Maine Dirigo "I Lead", from original in possession of the Massachusetts Historical Society).

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